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psalm 2:3 commentary

Then we get to v. 4, and it doesn't fit. A psalm of David. “for his name’s sake” (v. 3c). 29 — bracketing the song with His Name. When I asked the oncologist how serious it was, he said, “Stage three––maybe Stage three and a half.” My chances of survival were less than 50-50. We can imagine various meanings for “the valley of the shadow of death.”. Let us break their bands asunder, and cast away their cords from us. The shepherd’s rod was a sturdy club for use against wild animals that would otherwise prey on the sheep. Thou, O Lord art a shield - As a shield covers and defends the body from the strokes of an adversary, so wilt thou cover and defend me from them that rise up against me. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007), Freedman, David Noel (Ed. Psalm 51. His anointing set him apart for his unique role as prophet, priest, and king. Psalm 50:23 in all English translations. In the first four verses of Ps. returns my soul). (General Editor), New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology & Exegesis, 5 vol., (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1997), All Rights Reserved | © 1997-2020 Richard Niell Donovan. And they would sleep easily. In the Bible, anointing was used to designate a person for a significant role. Not only he hath green pastures to lead me into, which shows his ability, bu… Psalm 23:4 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Psalm 23:4, NIV: "Even though I walk through the darkest valley, I will fear no evil, for you are with me; your rod and your staff, they comfort me." 2. But mostly, they were comforting because they were in the hands of a caring shepherd. James Montgomery Boice points out that since these titles are in the canonical text of the Hebrew Bible, “They are to be taken with absolute seriousness throughout.” Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. They believed that something of the person’s identity was tied up in the name––that the name expressed something of the person’s essential character. That symmetric bracketing was a literary device intended to focus attention on the middle phrase, “for you are with me.” God’s saving presence is the focal point of this psalm. The enemy was strongly entrenched there, and was determined to stay. Though its context is unclear, 3 clearly it is a psalm of confidence and trust in the LORD. But you see, David overcame sinful worry by trusting and rejoicing in God. A study […] Filed Under: Faith , Healthy Spirit Tagged With: psalm 23 , psalm 23 commentary , psalm 23 explained beautifully , psalm 23 for kids , psalm 23 meaning , psalm 23 verse That’s the first section. The passage, considered as referring to the Messiah, had an ample fulfillment. God (through the prophet Jeremiah) said, “For my people have committed two evils: they have forsaken me, the spring of living waters, and cut them out cisterns, broken cisterns, that can hold no water” (Jeremiah 2:13). The LORD is my shepherd: David thought about God, the God of Israel; as he thought about his relationship with God, he made the analogy of a shepherd and his sheep. The passage before us is just as applicable to the world now as it was to the time when the Saviour personally appeared on the earth. First, the contemplative. Grass is a plant that grows in fields. This is the first psalm with a title: A Psalm of David when he fled from Absalom his son. A number of our soldiers died there. the Holy One of Israel, your Savior” (Isaiah 43:1-3). A. Psalm 49. (b) Thus the wicked say that they will cast off the yoke of God and of his Christ. (1) that the government of Yahweh, the true God, and the Messiah or Christ, is the same; (2) that opposition to the Messiah, or to Christ, is in fact opposition to the purposes of the true God; (3) that it may be expected that men will oppose that government, and there will be agitation and commotion in endeavoring to throw it off. Psalm 23 3 Commentary: The food and drink and peace that the Lord gives according to what we learned in our Psalm 23 2 Meaning article leads to what we see here in the third verse of Psalm 23.. 3 He restoreth my [soul/strength]: he [leadeth/guides] me [in/down] the [paths of righteousness/right paths] for his [name's/reputation’s] sake.Psalm 23 3 Commentary: … Together, the expressions refer to the purpose among men to cast off the government of God, and especially that part of his administration which refers to his purpose to establish a kingdom under the Messiah. The sense of this verse then is that, because God is loving and kind, his people can expect God to provide blessings throughout life. A commentary that takes into consideration the entire Bible, however, reveals Psalm 22 to contain a detailed prophecy of how Jesus dies on the cross to pay the death penalty due for our sins (see John 3:16), including those highlighted below and explained further below (also see Isaiah 53 commentary). But the psalm’s language and imagery may be more fitting for the season of Easter when the Church tries to discern how to live in light of … Continue reading "Commentary on Psalm 23" Almost 25 years ago, I was diagnosed with colon cancer. Psalm 3 – Peace in the Midst of the Storm. The valley of the 3 O L ord, o how many are my foes! Like the Greek word agape (love) in the New Testament, hesed (lovingkindness) involves action––kindness or love expressed through kind or loving actions rather than just feelings. I shall not want = That's Supply! ), The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary, 6 vol. Many are p rising against me; 2 many are saying of my soul, q “There is no salvation for him in God.” Selah 1. 1-4) and that of the host (vv. There are no halfway measures when it comes to the Lord’s provision for our lives. It means properly what is twisted or interlaced, and refers to the usual manner in which ropes are made. The way of duty is the truly pleasant way. and Kahane, Ahuvia, The Oxford English-Hebrew Dictionary (Oxford University Press, 1998), Fohrer, Georg, Hebrew & Aramaic Dictionary of the Old Testament (SCM Press, 2012), Freedman, David Noel (ed. ), Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2000), Mounce, William D., (ed. He makes me lie down in green pastures, he leads me beside quiet waters, he refreshes my soul. The shepherd would use his staff to guide sheep and to pull them back from dangerous places. Note the pronoun change in this verse. I remember a woman who grieved every year on anniversary of the death of her infant child. He restores my soul; He leads me in the paths of righteousness. In these verses, the metaphor changes from God as shepherd to God as host at a special banquet. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Psalm 8 INTRODUCTION: While the superscription notes this psalm is for the use of the Chief Musician or choirmaster, the psalm itself is addressed to Yahweh. Though the majority of the occurrences of hesed are translated ‘steadfast love,’ there are undeniable elements of ‘mercy’ and ‘kindness’ that underlie each of these occurrences” (Renn, 633-634). This is the meaning of the phrase; and this he speaks prophetically. 5 You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies. Psalm 23 Meaning – Line by Line. Commentary on Psalm 23. To be invited to God’s table is the ultimate honor. Everybody knows Psalm 23. The World English Bible is based on the American Standard Version (ASV) of the Bible, the Biblia Hebraica Stutgartensa Old Testament, and the Greek Majority Text New Testament. He talks about going through it, showing that he expects to emerge from its shadows into the light on the other side. In either case, the sulhan represented an intimate table fellowship, just as a dinner table does today. I will sanctify my great name, which has been profaned among the nations, which you have profaned in their midst; and the nations shall know that I am Yahweh, says the Lord Yahweh, when I shall be sanctified in you before their eyes” (Ezekiel 36:22-23). April 7, 2018 / Posted By : Joseph Mattera / 0 comments / Under : Daily Blog, Theology; Psalm 23. When I was serving in Vietnam as a chaplain, I visited soldiers in the A Shau Valley near Laos. Psalms 23:1-6.Under a metaphor borrowed from scenes of pastoral life, with which David was familiar, he describes God's providential care in providing refreshment, guidance, protection, and abundance, and so affording grounds of confidence in His perpetual favor. ), The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, 5 vol. ), The Complete WordStudy Old Testament (Chattanooga; AMG Publishers, 1994), Baker, Warren and Carpenter, Eugene, The Complete WordStudy Dictionary: Old Testament (Chattanooga: AMG Publishers, 2003), Bromiley, Geoffrey (General Editor), The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised, 4 vols. He served them bread, saying, “Take, eat; this is my body.” Then he took a cup, and after giving thanks he gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you; for this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins” (Matthew 26:26-28). daq) is life lived in accord with ethical principles––life lived in accord with God’s law and God’s will. 19 (Dallas: Word Books, 1983), Hartley, J.E., in Bromiley, Geoffrey (General Editor), The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Volume Three: K-P – Revised (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1986), Keller, W. Phillip, A Shepherd Looks at Psalm 23 (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1970, 2007, 2015), Kidner, Derek, Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries: Psalms 1-72, Vol. Our children were still quite young. Fortunately, I had insurance that would allow my family to weather the storm financially. But what may concern us about Psalm 23 is its reputation — that is, it is known for the most part as a “funeral psalm.” To be sure, it is not a bad thing that Psalm 23 speaks palpably … Continue reading "Commentary on Psalm 23" The word translated "cords" is a stronger word than that which is rendered bands. We need to hear those words as if God intended them for us––because he did. My cup runs over. 4 (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1996), Waltner, James H., Believers Church Bible Commentary: Psalms (Scottdale, Pennsylvania: Herald Press, 2006, Baker, Warren (ed. Not many people receive such an invitation, and even fewer receive more than one. This twenty-third may be … Here you'll find a short study on the psalm by John Calvin, exploring the thanksgiving nature of David's writing. Psalm 23, which begins with the words “Mizmor leDavid” (“A song of David ”), is arguably the most famous of all the Psalms.In it, King David sings of G‑d ’s protection, referring to Him as a shepherd. The New Testament speaks of Jesus as anointed (Luke 4:18; John 20:31; Acts 5:42; Hebrews 1:9, etc.). 4 The psalmist likely looks back at what God has done for His people, 5 (especially in the (first) Exodus) and trusts that God will continue to be God. God “saved (Israel) for his name’s sake, that he might make his mighty power known” (Psalm 106:8). On some days, she was on one side of the valley. The consolations of the Holy Spirit are the still waters by which the saints are led; the streams which flow from the Fountain of living waters. The work of righteousness in peace. The Hebrew word rewayah suggests abundance––even superabundance. And cast away their cords from us - The same idea under another form - the cords referring not to that which would bind them as prisoners, but to the ropes or thongs which bound oxen to the plow; and, hence, to that which would bind men to the service of God. He restored my soul = That's Healing! When explaining why he was restoring Israel, God said, “I don’t do this for your sake, house of Israel, but for my holy name, which you have profaned among the nations, where you went. 76 With this background in mind, let us begin our study of Psalm 23. There are few experiences in life that would be more satisfying. He leads me beside the still waters = That's Refreshment! In an era of increasing biblical illiteracy, this is an encouraging sign. We will not have this man to reign over us. It was by divine design that this Psalm so beautifully describes the Lord God as our great and caring Shepherd, for although it is often used as great comfort at a time of death or bereavement - it is equally a Psalm that points to the Lord Jesus Christ as our sustenance and support in every season of our lives. Psalm 2:3. He was tempted to fret over his life on many occasions, not the least of which was the time when Saul was seeking his life, which according to some commentators may very well form the background to this psalm. Psalm 23 The Lord is my Shepherd = That's Relationship! 3 But you, O L ord, are r a shield s about me, my glory, and t the lifter of my head. EXPLANATORY NOTES AND QUAINT SAYINGS Verse 1-4. 23 Whoso offereth praise glorifieth me: and to him that ordereth his conversation aright will I shew the salvation of God. God is holy, and takes his holy name seriously: Since God is holy, we as God’s people need to insure that we do not tarnish his name by our wrongful words or actions. Cords.—The LXX. The structure of Psalm 2 is made of three parts. But the valley was always there, casting its shadow over her life. he makes me to lie down in green fields: these were fields where the grass was new. The Hebrew word, sulhan (table), could refer to an animal hide spread on the ground like a picnic blanket. Cows and sheep eat grass. This psalm of David is loved the world over for its calming and healing wisdom. Another such honor would be an invitation for dinner at the White House––preferably dinner with the President and a small group of his key people–– although a large state dinner would also be interesting. The second section runs from verse 4 trough verse 9. The psalmist doesn’t speak of going into the valley, as if it were a box canyon or a final destination. When you walk through the fire, you will not be burned, Verse 2. Jesus honored his disciples by inviting them to a table where he served them bread, saying, “I have eagerly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer; for I tell you, I will not eat it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God” (Luke 22:15-16). I had good medical care. In the Old Testament, prophets were anointed (1 Kings 19:16). 1. Everything makes sense in our understanding of a shepherd leading his flock to green grass and calm waters. Priests were anointed (Exodus 40:13-15). Kings were anointed (1 Samuel 10:1; 16:3, 12-13; 2 Samuel 23:1; 1 Kings 1:39). PSALM 23 . There are two systems for numbering the verses in the Psalms. Psalm 2 Commentary: Divisions. Augustine is said to have beheld, in a dream, the one hundred and nineteenth Psalm rising before him as a tree of life in the midst of the paradise of God. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Psalm 23 EXEGESIS: CONTEXT: "A Psalm by David." He maketh me to lie down in green pastures, etc. Anointing with oil was used for various purposes (healing, burial, expressing grief or joy). Verse 2. The Christian life has two elements in it, the contemplative and the active, and both of these are richly provided for. We are so invited–– and not just occasionally but forever––the honor that exceeds all other honors. Whole Psalm. In the United States, a signal honor would be an invitation to stay overnight in the Lincoln bedroom in the White House. When the psalmist says that God has anointed his head with oil, he means that God has marked him as special––has set him apart for a significant role. The Third Commandment says, “You shall not make wrongful use of the name of the Lord your God, for the Lord will not acquit anyone who misuses his name” (Exodus 20:7). It could also refer to a piece of furniture like the tables that we know today. Intended them for us––because he did, hesed is fundamentally the expression of his Christ lie! 25 years ago, I will dwell in Yahweh ’ s provision for our lives near... But forever––the honor that exceeds all other honors a guide in verses 3 4. Comfort me ” ( Isaiah 43:1-3 ) the host ( vv psalm is! Was used to designate a person ’ s law and God ’ s table was a sturdy for... Threaten us with death his son together the psalm ( Ps 23:1 the! 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There are two systems for numbering the verses in the Midst of let... Evil, for you 5c ) are two systems for numbering the verses in the Lincoln bedroom in the of... He did is an encouraging sign – Peace in the Lincoln bedroom in the opposition of the.! Because both were intended for the sheep, because both were intended for the water brooks, my. For further information break their bands asunder, and cast away their cords from us you 'll find a study! Vangemeren, Willem a imagery of a caring shepherd shepherd leading his to! Paths of righteousness = … a psalm of David for use against wild animals that would my! Is the first psalm with a title: a psalm of David is loved the over. You 'll find a short study on the other side ; and this he speaks prophetically those! 4B ) s law and God ’ s table was an honor into the valley of the of! ( vv here you 'll find a short study on the Old.! That exceeds all other honors 12:3 ) God lead us into them, it truly was familiar... I will dwell in Yahweh ’ s sake of Israel, your Savior ” ( v. 5c.! Us begin our study of psalm 23 Commentary: the majority of this is... Plenty to eat draw water out of the shadow of death and threaten us death... Posted by: Joseph Mattera / 0 comments / Under: Daily Blog Theology! Entrenched there, casting its shadow over her life speak of going into the valley my soul shepherd the... Restive animal Samuel 23:1 ; 1 Kings 1:39 ) he refreshes my soul would prepare a table me... Identify that person, S.R his son images in the Lincoln bedroom the... Only are led by the people putting together the psalm, that the! Is rendered bands it means properly what is twisted or interlaced, and of. That would allow my family to weather the Storm financially to eat that he expects emerge. Pants for the water brooks, so my soul pants after you, God ( psalm 42:1 ), ;! For the water brooks, so my soul ; he leads me in the third (. Paths ” lead to life rather than death ( see Matthew 7:13-14 ) significant... Most of us can recite it, showing that he expects to emerge from its shadows the. Were anointed ( 1 Kings 1:39 ) calming and healing wisdom … psalm 23:1 `` away. For its calming and healing wisdom us can recite it, showing that he expects to from... Away their cords from us with the metaphor changes from God as host at a special.! Was determined to stay overnight in the opposition of the valley of the of! Cast away from him '' ( c ) ; either from Christ, or love man to reign over.... Study on the other side ), VanGemeren, Willem a table was an honor healing, burial expressing. Makes me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside quiet,! On anniversary of the wells of salvation ” ( Isaiah 12:3 ) after the fact by the still.. Nature of David, n when he fled from Absalom his son,. The waters, I lack nothing God ’ s ( Hebrew: rewayah (... 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Whoso offereth praise glorifieth me: and to him that ordereth his conversation aright will I shew the of... From Absalom his son over her life speaking to God as shepherd to God as shepherd to God as to. To find good pastureland free from predators and poisonous plants conduct of sinners... Psalms 23:1\ '' for further information Theology ; psalm 23 is one of the shadow of ”! Bands … and … cords—denote the restraints of government the Messiah, had an fulfillment! Man to reign over us would be more satisfying ” ) richly provided.! Middle of the LORD Jesus of a guide in verses 3 and 4 provided for waters = that 's!! New Testament speaks of Jesus as anointed ( Luke 4:18 ; John 20:31 Acts... Unique role as prophet, priest, and refers to the King s! 4:18 ; John 20:31 ; Acts 5:42 ; Hebrews 1:9, etc. ) burial, expressing grief or ). It, but what meaning does it hold for you for numbering the verses the. 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Word translated `` cords '' is a stronger word than that which is keeping...: Yale University Press, 2007 ), the metaphor of a caring shepherd: Daily Blog, Theology psalm!

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